My Son was the most sacred place of Champa kingdom. It is on the present day Quang Nam province, about 30 kilometres west of the site of Simhapura, the capital of Champa until 1000 CE. Protected by a circle of mountains, there were over 70 structures of brick and stone, most of which were dedicated to Siva.
During the first survey and excavations conducted by Henri Parmentier and Charles Carpeaux (1903 – 04), the My Sơn relics were classified using letters for the groups of buildings and numbers for each building in the group. For example, Tower A 1 is the principal building in the Group A.
Epigraphic evidence on the stelae at My Sơn indicates that construction began as early as the 4th century. However the oldest remains, Group E, are dated to the 7th century. The best preserved are from the 10th and 11th centuries, mainly in Groups A, B, C and D. Group G and the main tower of Group B were erected in the 12th and 13th centuries.
The towers in My Son show the styles in the evolution of the art of Champa.
Pedestal of Mỹ Sơn E1, I.D. 22.4
There are 23 sculptures from My Son relics are now on exhibition in the My Sơn Gallery of the DMCS. They belong to three groups:
The statues of gods worshipped on the main temples :
– Pedestal of Mỹ Sơn E1, I.D. 22.4
– Standing Ganesa, I.D. 5.1
– Seated Ganesa, I.D. 5.2
– Standing Siva, I.D. 3.3
– Group of seven linga, I.D. 2.4
– Skanda, I.D. 8.1
Standing Ganesa, I.D. 5.1
The statues worshipped on the subordinated temples are of the gods guarding the main points of the compass:
– Yama, 3.4, riding a buffalo, guarding the South.
– Varuna 9.1, riding a makara, guarding the West.
– Vayu 9.2, 9.3, riding a horse, guarding the North-West
– Agni 10.1; 42.8, riding on rhinoceros, guarding the South-East
– Isana 10.2, riding a bull, guarding the North-East
– Kubera 10.3, guarding the North
The decorative objects:
– A tympan depicting The birth of Brahma, 17.8
– A lintel with the scene of Royal Dance, 45.8
– A tympan of the god Durga (or Uma) 16.2
– A sculpture entitled Flying Warriors, 44.10
– A sculpture of monkey (42.6) and three other pieces (28.1;30.1; 30.3 )